# Courses Catalogue

### Syllabus of the course: * Introduction to Modern Physics II *

In this web page we provide the syllabus of the course Introduction to Modern Physics II, offered by the Department of Physics.

The list of the courses offered during the current accademic year is available here.

The list of all courses offered by the Department of Physics is available here.

Code | Φ-202 |
---|---|

Type | A |

ECTS | 7 |

Hours | 6 |

Semester | Spring |

Instructor | T. Tomaras |

Program | Friday 9:00-12:00, Amphitheater Α, Amphitheater B, (video, forum, exercises) |

Web page | |

Goal of the course | This is a fourth semester course for physics majors. It follows the course «Introduction to Modern Physics I» and covers the topics Special Theory of Relativity, Nuclear Physics, Elemetary Particle Physics and Cosmology using basic knowledge of Calculus, Classical Physics and Quantum Mechanics. |

Syllabus | Introduction to the Special Theory of Relativity: Inertial frames of reference, the Principle of Relativity, the speed of light, time dilation, length contraction. Lorentz transformations. Addition of velocities. Energy, Momentum. Relativistic kinematics. Motion under the influence of an external force, particle decay, particle scattering, Compton effect, Doppler shift. Minkowski spacetime. Introduction to Nucler Physics: The constituents of the nucleus. The neutron. Mass and size of nuclei. The valley of stable nuclei. Nuclear binding energy. Nucler models. Nuclear fission and fusion. Radioactivity, theory and applications. The neutrino. Nuclear reactions. Scattering, cross-section, mean free path. Particle beam or radiation through matter. Introduction to Elementary Particle Physics: The «First Family» of particles. Hadrons, leptons. Baryons and mesons. The four interactions. Symmetry and Conservation Laws. The K-mesons and Strangeness. The «Eightfold Way» and the Quarks. The Colour and the Strong Interaction. The force carriers and the main properties of the interaction «The Standard Model of Elementary Particle Physics». Its great success and the open problems. Particle reactions and Feynman graphs. Introduction to Cosmology: The Universe. Stars, galaxies, clusters. Distances and velocities. The Hubble Law. The Cosmological Principle. The Cosmic Background Radiation. The Newtonian (approximate) derivation of the Friedmann equations for the evolution of the homogeneous and isotropic Universe. Open and Closed Universe. Non-relativistic matter, radiation, dark energy. The critical density. Cosmological models. Brief presentation of the Fisrt Three Minutes of the history of the Universe. Inflation. The Present Cosmic Acceleration and the future of the Cosmos. |

Bibliography | «Concepts of Modern Physics», A. Beiser, McGraw Hill, N.Y. (1995). «Modern Physics», R. Serway, C. Moses and C. Moyer, P.E.K. (2005). «The Quantum Physics of Atoms, Molecules, Solids, Nuclei and Particles», R. Eisberg and R. Resnick, J. Wiley, London (1974). «The First Three Minutes», S. Weinberg, Basic Books, New York (1977). |

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